Nutcracker Part 3: Girl of Your Dreams.

Every culture seems to have a sense of danger about the feminine. I’m a mythology nut, and I don’t think there’s a culture without at least one monster of a seductress. Mayu taps into something deep and dark in the collective subconscious, which is probably part of why such a short-lived character made so great an impact. She’s the shadow woman incarnate – the she-devil that is after a man’s sexual potency, and truly has the ability to strip him of his power.

ShirazuBirthdayCalendar.jpg

This brings us to the most well-known femme fatale that somehow snuck her way into Nutcracker…

 

Oh. My gods. Yes. There is quite a bit of succubus in a Ghoul who not only managed pseudo-wings and a tail, but feeds on sexual fluids and haunts Shirazu in his dreams post-mortem. I feel like I should explain this for the (likely few) Tokyo Ghoul fans who have no idea what a succubus is.

A succubus, in a nutshell, is a female demon that feeds on sex. They often suck away pure life force during the act. Succubi technically predate the Bible with the Mesopotamian lilin, but came to take on traditional “demon” traits (horns, wings, hooves, tail, etc.) in most medieval and modern interpretations.

Succubi are frequently encountered either in the bedroom or in dreams. Our very first look at this Ghoul was in a lavish bedroom (possibly a love hotel), performing her usual CBT on a willing participant. She drugs her human merchandise with sleeping gas. She also appears in Shirazu’s dreams, which has not happened with any other character so far. (N.B. most of the hallucinations of Rize were anime-only, and none of them occurred in sleep.) She is also the only Ghoul thus far to feed on sexual fluids, adding to the image of a succubus specifically.

succubus_by_arsenal21-d5b0r51
Artist: Arsenal21

If you’re going to have a succubus in a realistic series (for anime) like Tokyo Ghoul, that’s how you do it: an attractive woman feeding off of sexual juices, wings and a tail, and appearing in dreams as someone else’s delusion. She also may have been a prostitute at one point, and definitely works in the sex industry selling “accessories.” The succubus trappings are there.

There’s also another female spirit associated with beauty and sleep: Undine.

SexyFishUndyne.png

First off, check your Undertale at the door. The term “undine” can be used to describe many water spirits, and is generally used that way in alchemy. “Undyne the Undying” has little in common with the mermaid-esque Undine/Ondine, who features in a love story with a human knight.

undineandhuldbrand

There are a few variations on the story of Undine. In its simplest form, Undine is a water spirit who marries a knight. Huldbrand or Hans are both common names for this guy, depending on your version, but whatever you call him, he happens upon Undine in a fisherman’s hut. Like many water fae (including mermaids), Undine doesn’t have a soul, which is why marrying a human and experiencing love is important to her. (To its credit, Undertale did get the “soul-hunting water spirit” right.) They hit it off and get married, even having a kid. Unfortunately, this comes at the cost of her immortality and eternal youth.

Almost immediately after bearing Huldbrand a child, Undine’s beauty starts to fade. The knight seeks other women. Because of his snoring, Undine catches him after the act with his former fiancee. She then curses him: if he falls asleep, he will no longer be able to breathe. There are a few variations on the exact conditions surrounding this, but the curse  of not being able to breathe remains the same.

screen-shot-2017-02-14-at-12-40-02-pm

 

 

This may have originated from a real medical condition: central hypoventilation syndrome (CHS), also popularly called Ondine’s Curse. Basically, the subconscious control of breathing – something you don’t even think about doing until you’re drowning – is suddenly removed. Ondine’s Curse is usually fatal.

Shiragin Dream .jpg

Although Shirazu doesn’t have the precise conditions of Ondine’s Curse, one of the recurring themes in Shirazu’s hallucinations is asphyxiation. It’s hinted that Shirazu’s dad hung himself. Nutcracker strangles him in a hallucination. One could even argue that the relationship between the Empress and Hanged Man tarot cards adds to the theme of not being able to breathe. Again, Mayu’s not a shoe-in for Undine, but the parallels are uncanny.

There’s also something to be said for a possible human-Ghoul relationship. Many of the bikaku-types have interesting interactions with humanity. Nishio Nishiki had a perfectly stable relationship with a human girl, and Minami (a retconned bikaku) from Tokyo Ghoul: Jack wanted to be human, including getting into a relationship. Mayu clearly interacts with humans, albeit in dark, dirty, intimate ways, so she’s following this familiar pattern.

As an honorable mention, a few people have pointed out similarities to Fate Stay/Night‘s Rider in Nutcracker’s design. It’s mostly the eyes: like Rider, Mayu has odd eyes, usually hidden by a mask. Also, fanservice.

riderfate

Time for the Classical Studies degree to kick in.

There are actually two possible origins of Medusa. The first comes from Hesiod’s Theogony: Medusa and the other two Gorgons (Euryale and Stheno) were born of the sea deities Phorkys and Ceto (a sort of Tiamat/Echidna blend). Contrary to the popular image of Medusa as a sort of naga, these Gorgons were birdlike, sporting wings and brass talons as well as the signature snake hair. Of the three, Medusa was the only one that was killable. By the way, that was Perseus who killed her, and Medusa somehow yielded Pegasus and a warrior named Chrysaor from her severed neck. How? I have no idea.

The version of Medusa that most people know today is a sort of slippery slope of romanticization that culminated in this story, recorded by Ovid: Medusa started out as a ravishingly beautiful maiden. She had many suitors, including Poseidon, God of the Sea. Poseidon, for whatever reason, thought it would be a good idea to rape Medusa in Athena’s temple.

HOOOBOY, back to the sea and rape, aren’t we? Has anyone else ever noticed that water spirits get literally all the love? Anyways, rape in any temple isn’t cool, but Poseidon and Athena already had a sort of rivalry going. Medusa got transfigured into a snake-haired Gorgon so that the crime wouldn’t go unpunished. Yeah, that doesn’t sound fair to me, either.

Although one could extend Medusa formerly being beautiful into Mayu, it feels weaker than any other entry mentioned here. I understand where people are coming from. I may get into Medusa’s nature as a goddess at some point, but that’s another can of worms.

There’s one more entry before a conclusion. Okay, brain. There’s a good chance that The Empress will come up again on this blog, so we may as well cover that card and its meanings next.

P.S. – Happy Valentine’s Day.

Advertisements

Nutcracker Part 2 – Smiles, Scissors, and Snails.

Eto is the “close second” of my favorite characters. This is largely because I’m a writer-artist who happens to have a thing for monsters. Of course, I found her hybrid nature and massive, demonic mode attractive. Specifically, her monstrous kakuja takes the form of a one-eyed, goat-headed monster, thereby equating her with Satan. 

Satan is boring compared to the harem of female monsters embedded in Nutcracker/Mayu. (Nobody tries to make a Lilith parallel with Eto, either; there’s fodder for it, but that’s for another article.) Maybe I’m just bored of any Satan equivalents/parallels/”totally not Satan” demon bosses, but there’s a lot more to Nutcracker than just one female monster.

I mentioned youkai, the Japanese word for “phantom” and the basis for a million Pokemon, last entry. The plethora of female youkai probably merit their own entries/essays each. For now, we’re going to focus on the female spirits that somehow made it into one character without battling for space.

ohaguro-bettari_alien
(From Gantz, by the way.)

There are at least three different youkai embedded in Mayu’s design. One, the ohaguro-bettari, was pegged by the Wikia since day 1. These impish spirits usually take the form of a woman in a kimono, who, for whatever reason, has her head turned away. When she eventually turns around, victims are startled by her otherwise blank face and black-toothed smile. Some say she’s the ghost of a woman who never got married, or a shapeshifting youkai (fox, tanuki, badger, etc.) playing a prank. Nobody has ever been harmed by an ohaguro-bettari (or her relative, the noppera-bo – think “Japanese Slenderman”). Since the black teeth is one of the first traits we see with Mayu, and the ohaguro-bettari is a harmless youkai, this may be a reference to how Nuts was perceived as non-threatening at first. The youkai that went into this character get worse as we go down the list. 

screen-shot-2017-01-27-at-9-39-40-pm

But what’s the deal with the black teeth, anyways? Ohaguro, the word for black tooth lacquer, was a way for a woman to show her loyalty and status. It was time-consuming to put the lacquer on; thus, only married women and women who had a lot of leisure time could afford to do it. Regular teeth were also thought of as looking like maggots or otherwise reminiscent of death, so the practice was seen as beautiful for that reason as well. The fashion has since died out in Japan. Vietnam and other parts of Asia still do it.

That’s not the youkai that hit me immediately upon seeing Mayu in full, though…

nutsvscarved

“OHMYGODS CARVED! Tokyo Ghoul did the lady from Carved!”

Carved is a movie centered around the urban legend of “kuchisake-onna.” The kuchisake-onna, literally “slit-mouthed woman,” is another female youkai that conceals her mouth. This is usually done using a surgical or face mask (the latter a common sight in Japan when someone’s sick). Mayu has one such mask over her black teeth in one of her early appearances. Cool syncretization. 

Legend has it that, in the Edo Period (1603-1868), a samurai caught his pretty, vain wife cheating on him. As punishment, he slit her mouth from ear-to-ear, saying, “who will think you are beautiful now?!” Since then, her ghost has wandered the East, asking people if they think she is pretty, then cutting their mouths exactly like hers if they answer incorrectly.

By the way, both “yes” and “no” are incorrect answers that result in death or mutilation. In the event that you encounter a kuchisake-onna, the best answers are to say she looks average, flip questions towards her, or throw candy at her as a distraction. There’s your cheat sheet – use it well. 

Despite a supposed origin in the time of samurai, kuchisake-onna didn’t really hit the public eye until the 1970’s. In 1979, a kuchisake-onna scare in Nagasaki Prefecture was so big that children weren’t allowed to walk home alone. Another woman with scissors and a red mask who chased children appeared in South Korea in 2004. Did I mention this woman usually goes after kids? She does.

Oh, and she may have been inspired by a real woman who was killed in a car crash with her mouth cut ear-to-ear. Sleep well.

carved_1

Kuchisake-onna is the original “see these scars? Wanna know how I got ’em?” character. Even though we don’t see Mayu using scissors, one of her female victims in Ch.23 dies by getting her face bitten off, and the obsession with beauty is telling. In Carved, the kuchisake-onna makes a play on words between “am I beautiful?” and “cut off my head” during her “death” scene; the timing is similar to Mayu’s beauty obsession only coming to the fore as she’s dying. Just like with ohaguro-bettari, there was definitely some inspiration drawn from the slit-mouthed woman legend – even if it’s not 100%.

There is a youkai that definitely fueled Mayu’s character more than either of those two, though: 

sekien_sazae-oni
Sazae-oni by Sekien, 1788.

For those of you not as deep into Tokyo Ghoul, know that a lot of characters have “spirit animals” – that is, many of them use an animal as their “mask,” with usually a reference in the name and/or character design. (This aspect is worth a collage.) Although I thought the image of a testicle-eating squirrel was one of the cutest ideas for the series ever, I wound up kicking myself for thinking that a reference to a Japanese legend about a snail was just a nod.

Crash course: almost anything can become a youkai. Usually, the age at which something (animal, vegetable, or mineral) becomes a youkai is 100 years old, with a HUGE power boost at around 1,000 years old. Got it? Good.

Turban snails are among the things capable of becoming youkai. If a turban snail reaches 30 years old, it can become a shape-shifting youkai. (There’s a sort of morbid zig-zag in that a drowning woman can become a turban snail, then become a snail youkai that can turn into a human woman.) These youkai, called sazae-oni, usually prefer to take the form of beautiful ladies.

The most famous legend about the sazae-oni centers around one who pretended to be a drowning woman. Some pirates came and picked her up, unaware of her true nature, and had their way with her. During the night, she bit off their testicles one by one. When they demanded their balls, she wouldn’t give them back until they gave her all of their treasure. Thus, they traded gold for their golden balls. Sounds like something from last entry, yes? 

Still not convinced? I didn’t notice this until I went on a Google run, but Mayu’s tail looks almost exactly like the shell of a brown turban snail:

nutsvsturbansnail

The pieces of tail she cuts off also look like spiraling shells:

snailtail

Her other kagune is a koukaku– literally “red shell.” This one speaks for itself, even if her claws don’t look anything like a snail shell in particular.

nutcrackerkoukakudamnthoseclaws

By the way, that kiss she gave Mutsuki was slimy:

akissfor200million

Finally, she’s obsessed with money and balls- hello, kintama joke. We looked at you last entry, too! (By the way, this won’t come up next section.)

canfeelyourballs

As a final note, sazae-oni usually aren’t drawn pretty. Mayu is one of the more aesthetically-pleasing representations of this particular monster. Toukiden‘s “Viper Queen,” a sort of blend of snail and snake, not only looks decent, but has the ability to put people to sleep.  This may not seem like much, and I don’t think it’s canon to the original (don’t quote me on this), but it’s an uncommon ability. It also conveniently leads us directly to a certain Western she-devil…but more on that next entry.